The term 'silique' refers to the dehiscent fruits
in the Brassicaceae – Cabbage family
. These consists of 4 (according to older interpretations 2) carpels
: 2 narrow carpels
are fertile and form the rapellum
at which the placenta
with the ovules
is inserted. The 2 broad carpels
are sterile. At maturity, they dissolve from the fruit
. The (mostly developed) septum is not
formed by a carpel
and, therefore, referred to as 'false septum'. Furthermore, silique s. str.
at least 3 -times as long as broad, e. g. in Erysimum
– Wallflower) and silicles
maximal 3-times as long as broad, e. g. in Thlaspi
– Pennycress) may be distinguished.